leslie's guiding traditions

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From the start of the Ranger section in 1916, through to the early 1940s, Rangers had interest badges to work on.  They appear to all have been withdrawn at that stage, probably because the Ranger section was focused on work for the new Home Emergency Service badge, and on war work.  Thereafter, there were themed certificates which Rangers could work on as part of their programme, but they did not come with individual badges to go on uniform.  In the 1990s, staged badges were introduced for Brownies, Guides and Rangers, but these were eventually withdrawn during the 2000s.  In 2018, with the coming of a new Ranger programme, new interest badges are now available.  But lets look back at the old badges.


The first badges were made on white felt-like material.  They had blue embroidery for the image, but a red ring around (whereas the Guide interest badges of the day had a blue ring, in the same colour as for the centre design).  It was in the 1920s that Guiding made a move to having proficiency badges on a drab background, with the move to navy felt-like fabric rather than white - and at this time the design of the badges went to being 'all-red', rather than just a red ring.  The disadvantage of the felt badges, whether white or navy, was that they had to be removed from the uniform for laundry - many owners opted to oversew the edges of the badges to reinforce them.  For many years the badges were unlettered, but later felt badges had the 'Girl Guides' lettering.  It was in the later 1930s that Guiding moved to woven badges, with the overlocked edges, which were much more durable.


Although I have talked of the red thread used for Ranger badges, that applied for Land Rangers.  Sea Ranger badges were embroidered with blue thread rather than red.


Where possible, I have included pictures of the badges, from different vintages, including some Sea Ranger ones, to show the designs - and also sample syllabuses.  

Ranger Ability


1939 Syllabus

The candidate should do one of the following, or equivalent exercise, continuously for ten weeks, keeping her own record throughout:

a) Play some game such as netball, tennis, hockey, etc., at least once a week.

b) Walk six miles a week.

c) Attend weekly "Keep Fit" or gymnast classes.

d) Cycle ten miles weekly.

e) Ride for two hours a week.

f) Swim 200 yards a week.

g) Help for two hours a week in some form of outdoor farm work.

h) Garden for two hours a week.

i) Attend a weekly country dance class.

(Should time be lost through illness or other unavoidable cause, it may be made up at the end of the period.)

In addition, she should do any six of the following:

1) Memorise a message of twenty words and transmit it by any method, excluding postal services, over a distance of one mile.

2) Know and describe four of the following, two from each list:

a) 6 makes of car; 6 sea craft; 6 types of aeroplane; 6 kinds of wood and their uses; 6 machines or farm implements and their uses; 6 metals and their uses.

b) 6 fish, their habits and how they are caught; 6 animals, their uses and habits; 6 crops and their rotation; 3 weather signs and 3 cloud formations, and what they portend; 6 constellations, and how an explorer can find his way by three of them.

3) Read a book on exploration or the conquest of the air.

4) Use seven knots, and use a chair knot or double bowline, or fasten one car to another preparatory to towing.

5) Improvise and bring to the test, two implements for temporary use only.

6) Know how to carry a sick or injured person; how to enter a smoke-filled room and rescue its inmates, and how to deal with asphyxiation through smoke or gas poisoning.  Understand the use of fire extinguishers and hose, and know how to deal with forest fires.

7) Make a fire in the open and produce a hot stimulant on it in a reasonable time, according to circumstances; in no case should the whole test take more than 20 minutes.

8) Know what constitutes a reasonable landing ground, and in the event of seeing an air pilot looking for a suitable place on which to make a forced landing, know how to assist him.

9) Know how to prevent panic and to keep people calm on such an occasion as the failure of the light supply, a bad thunderstorm, or a flood.

10) Jack up a car, remove wheel and replace with spare, or mend a punctured bicycle tyre.

Ranger Air Mechanic


1939 Airwoman Badge Syllabus


1) Be prepared to answer questions on the Aircraft badge (Guide badge).

2) Have taken control in a dual control machine in the air.

3) Have pointed out in the air a suitable landing place, and be able to recognise ridge and furrow, hay and crops.

4) Be able to recognise and explain the use of: 

Tail incidence; Actuating gear; Air speed indicator, in machine and on wings; Revolution counter; Oil guage; Height altimeter; Air brake; Throttle.

Ranger Architect and Town Planner


1939 Syllabus


1) Understand and explain the following terms: 

Apse, nave, column, arch, elevation, gable, turret, string course, foundation, sewer, drain, vault, span, keystone.

2) Describe the special features of any two periods of architecture - Greek, Renaissance, Gothic, etc.

3) Describe the difference in style of a Tudor house and a Queen Anne house.

4) Describe a famous building in her neighbourhood, and make a rough scale plan of any portion.  What does she consider is the most needed in the way of a public building or memorial or open space in her locality?  State where she thinks it should be erected and its special features.

5) Mention the chief local materials used in her neighbourhood in the past a) for public buildings, b) for domestic architecture.

6) Draw plans of the two floors of a six-roomed house in two storeys, paying due regard to lighting, heating and ventilation, water supply and all domestic requirements.

7) Write a short essay on the general principles of design in buildings.

8) Illustrate her essay with particular reference to any building in which she is interested, taking into consideration construction, proportion, decoration, suitability to its purpose and appropriateness to its surroundings.

Ranger Artist


1939 Ranger Arts and Crafts Badge Syllabus


Have passed two of the following:

1) Black and white artist - understand one of the following processes:

a) Etching.  b) Lithography.  c) Engraving.  d) Any other process of illustration.

Show three pieces of original, competent and tasteful work.

2) Modeller - Show three pieces of modelling, either in the round or bas-relief, or plaque or medallion.  These may be made in clay, plasticine, was or other medium.  Describe some local monument or piece of sculpture, both from the historical and art point of view, and state her own opinion of it.

3) Painter - Show three pieces of well-executed and good painting (original) in either oils or water colour.  Describe three well-known pictures if possible, from the local gallery, their history, meaning and intention.

4) Designer - Show a design for a wall-paper, a poster, and one for any other purpose.  The design for the wall-paper must show the repeats.

5) Decorator - Show a scheme, and have a capacity and willingness to carry out the decorations of the club-room or home.  This scheme may be for interior or exterior decoration, or may be for the addition of some useful or decorative piece of furniture.

Ranger Art Lover


1939 Syllabus


1) Give history and special features of two schools of painting, e.g. Florentine, Venetian, Dutch, Eighteenth Century, English, etc., with an account of at least three painters belonging to each.

2) Show a knowledge of the work of two well-known living artists in drawing, painting, or sculpture.

3) If there is a local art gallery or collection of pictures, be able to answer questions as to its history and principal posessions.  If not, describe a famous public or private collection of art, and refer specifically to three things in it.

4) Tell the story of, and describe six famous buildings, paintings or pieces of sculpture.

5) Describe the special features of any two periods of architecture - Greek, Renaissance, Gothic, etc.

6) Describe fully your favourite building, painting or statue, and state the reasons for your preference.

Ranger Astronomer


1939 Syllabus


1) Hold Guide Star Lover badge.

2) Have knowledge of: 

The Solar System.

a) The Sun.  Dimensions and constitution.  Sun spot cycle.  Corona.  Prominences.

b) The Moon.  Dimensions and movement.  Phases.  Lunar theories.

c) The Planets.  (Including Pluto).  Their relative sizes; distance from the sun; periods of rotation and evolution, satelites, Bode's Law.

d) Comets and Meteors.  Their relationships.

e) Movements of the Heavenly Bodies.  Use of terms - altitude, sight ascension, declination, celestial pole, zenith, ecliptic zodiac, celestial equator, circumpolar stars, equinox.  Day and night, the seasons.

f) Eclipses of the sun and moon.

g) The fixed stars.  Star magnitudes.  Chief constellations.  Variable stars.  Novae.  Star clusters.  Nebulae.

3) Practical Work.

a) Have made observations of the movements of the heavenly bodies, including the moon, planets and fixed stars.

b) Understand the use of the astronomical data as given, e.g. in Whitaker's Almanac.

c) Using a small telescope, observe as far as possible sun-spots, meteors, the moon's surface, eclipses, the planets, double stars, nebulae, clusters.

Ranger Athlete


Senior Athlete 1939 Syllabus


(Rangers taking this badge should produce evidence that they play games or swim at least once a week).

1) Have an easy, upright carriage and be able to walk and run well.

2) Show proficiency in two of the following, and a knowledge of the rules, one to be taken from each group:

a) Rounders, tennis, cricket, badminton, stoolball, golf.

b) Hockey, lacrosse, netball (or basket ball), "Touch and Pass".

(N.B. Swimming (30 yards in 24 secs., knowledge of two strokes, able to dive, may be substituted for any one game in Group a or b).

3) Throw a cricket or rounders ball in good style 85 feet.

4) Jump 3 feet 4 inches in height with good style or run 100 yards in 13 seconds.

5) Skip a) for one minute continuously; b) showing six steps accurately, not necessarily continuously.

Ranger Author


1939 Syllabus Ranger Authoress


To be written or typed on one side of the paper only; typescript is preferred.

Write at the test.

An article of 200-300 words on any subject the tester may give.

Bring to the Test.

1) A story of 1,500-2,500 words:

a) for adults;

b) for young people;

c) for children.

2) A synopsis of not more than 1,000 words for a short story, long short story, novel or film.

3) One of the following:

a) a review of 200-300 words of a modern book, and an appreciation of not more than 300 words of a classic, fiction or otherwise.

b) a dramatic sketch or one-act play with full stage directions, to play not less than 15 minutes (allow a minute for each sheet of manuscript) for three or more characters; also a list of at least three plays read.

c) a sonnet, triolet, lyric, ballad, or verse in any recognised form; and a list of poems read.

d) a series of not less than four letters of at least 200 words each, between contrasted people, such as: a mother and her child at school; a girl living in the country and her friend in town; a person on holiday and an invalid, etc.

Ranger Beauty Lover


1939 Syllabus


The candidate may only enter for the badge on the recommendation of her company, who will certify that she has shown courtesy and consideration in her dealings with others.

1) Bring to the test a book kept over a period of at least six months, containing things that appeal to her as being beautiful, such as: quotations, favourite poems, reproductions of famous pictures, photographs of buildings, etc.

2) In the six months previous to the test have been to any two of the following, and give a short appreciation of one of them:

a) a play of her own choice; 

b) a film on a subject other than modern fiction;

c) a lecture (may be wireless); 

d) a concert (may be wireless); 

3) Show in her personal appearance that she understands:

a) the care of her skin, hair, teeth, nails, etc., with a view to making the best of herself;

b) the benefit of physical exercise leading to grace of carriage and posture;

c) how to wear her uniform to the best advantage.

4) Understand the adaptation of dress to figure, type and occasion, and the use and abuse of make-up.

Consideration will be given to the type of job the candidate is in.

Ranger Bellringer


1939 Syllabus


1) Be able to raise and lower a bell.

2) Ring in rounds (good striking).

3) Ring a plain course in any standard method.

4) Be able to splice a rope.

5) Know how a bell is hung and its position when ringing and chiming.

6) Understand the care of a tower.

Ranger Bookbinder


1939 Syllabus


1) Know the history of books, know the parts of a book, the standard sizes of printing paper, and the meaning of folio, quarto, octavo, frontispiece, index and glossary.

2) Show an old book repaired by herself.

3) Bind together loose copies of a magazine, music or exercise books.  (Outside case may be bought ready made).

4) Bind a book in half cloth and paper (patterned paper sides preferably made by the Ranger) or in half cloth and leather.

5) Make one of the following, of own choice:

a) Whole leather binding, lettering only need be in gold.

b) Whole leather binding, all one design in blind.

c) An album, showing correct guarding, hollow back, covered with whole cloth.

d) Mount a picture, or a paper sheet survey map, to be mounted in sections, made to fold.  Also show an example of blind tooling and lettering.

6) Make a sample of loose-leaf notebook (no bought ones eligible); contents; notes on apparatus required in binding, and suitable materials (give examples) with brief notes as to where these can be obtained, prices, etc., size about 8 x 10 in.

Ranger Booklover


Reader 1939 Syllabus


1) Choose one book of the Bible for special reading, and give reasons for the choice.

2) Show knowledge of one play from each of the following lists: 

A - The Tempest, Much Ado About Nothing, The Taming of the Shrew, A Midsummer Night's Dream, As You Like It, The Merchant of Venice, Twelfth Night.

B - King Henry V, Richard III, King John, Coriolanus, Romeo and Juliet, Julius Caesar, Macbeth, Hamlet, King Lear.

And in addition:

a) Produce or act in a scene from one of these plays; or

b) Know by heart fifty consecutive lines from any one of the above plays; or

c) Write an essay on a subject connected with one of these plays or any other subject connected with any of the books read for the test.

3) Show a knowledge of the Golden Treasury, or alternatively any good anthology and say which poetry is preferred and why.

4) Read two books by different authors to be chosen from the following list: John Bunyan, Walter Scott, George Eliot, Charlotte Bronte, R.D. Blackmore, Charles Lamb, Charles Dickens, William Thackeray, Jane Austen, Anthony Trollope, Charles Reade, George Borrow.

5) Read two books by different authors to be chosen from the following list: R.L. Stevenson, J.M. Barrie, Thomas Hardy, Arnold Bennett, Mary Johnstone, Joseph Conrad, I.P. Jacks, E.V. Lucas, Katherine Mansfield, Rudyard Kipling, Samuel Butler, Hugh Walpole, John Galsworthy, John Buchan, Bernard Shaw, J.B. Priestly, Alice Meynell, W.H. Hudson.

A different selection from the above lists must be made at each test. 

6) Give a list of the books read during the past year.

Ranger Braille


1939 Syllabus


1) Hold the junior badge. (Guide Braille badge).

2) Transcribe from print with not more than ten errors three large sheets Standard English Grade II interlined Braille.

a) Newspaper cutting or similar passage.

b) Letter.

c) Fifty lines of poetry.

3) Read by sight or touch Standard English Grade II interlined or interpointed Braille, written on both sides.

Note - Testers for the written part of this test should hold the Certificate of the National Institute for the Blind or the National Library for the Blind.

Ranger Campcraft


1939 Syllabus


A Ranger or First Class Guide (over 16) should have camped at least two weeks before entering for this test.

1) Know what are the usual requirements with regard to:

a) Personal kit for a week-end camp.

b) General equipment for a week-end camp.

2) Go out and select a camp site and make a rough plan of it, showing the slope of the ground, natural features, proximity of railroad, town, etc., and add suggested sites for tents, latrines, kitchen stores, wash-houses, shelter, etc.

3) a) Be responsible for overseeing the pitching and striking of a tent, and the care of it in fine and wet weather.

b) Erect suitable screening, and have a knowledge of camp sanitation.

4) Show a knowledge of the necessary cooking and storage of food, and menus for a small camp.

5) Pass one of the following.

a) Recognise a mushroom and six different herbs.

b) Have identified in the open six different kinds of birds.

c) Point out and name six different constellations.

d) Have six different plaster casts of the tracks of animals or birds.

e) Have passed the Naturalist test.

f) Know six weather signs.

6) a) Know the precautions to take when lighting a camp fire amidst inflammable surroundings, and how to extinguish the same after use, leaving no traces behind; and explain how to deal with outbreaks of fire.

b) Know six different kinds of trees with their respective value as firewood.

7) Render first aid in emergencies which might occur in camp, and give a list of First Aid equipment suitable for a RAnger week-end.  (Holders of the Camp First Aid Certificate are exempt from this clause).

8) Show a knowledge of the bathing rules.

Ranger Choral Patrol


1939 Syllabus


1) Sing two contrasted songs, one to be a part song.

2) Sing two folk songs (one unaccompanied) of own choice.

3) Sing a round, and a canon or descant, or if a Welsh patrol, Pennillion.

4) Show a list of other songs sung during the previous six months.

N.B. All the songs should be sung from memory.  Marks to be given for variety and excellence of choice.

Ranger Citizen


1939 Syllabus


1) Know how the country is governed.  Understand the constitution and working of parliament, what the Cabinet is, why there are two Houses, and how laws are made.

2) Understand the working of her own Local Government, and show a practical knowledge of two of the following:

a) Local education system, including scholarships, continuation classes, etc.

b) Hospitals and nursing organisations.

c) Local housing conditions.

d) National Health and Unemployment Insurance.

e) Public Assistance.

3) Show a clear understanding (in conversation with the tester, or by an essay, or in a short speech) of some of the privileges and consequent obligations of British citizenship.

4) State some of the most important things necessary in her opinion for the well-being of a town or village.

5) Have carried out acts of voluntary service in town or village which may include some effort to add to its beauty.

Ranger Clerk

Ranger Cook


First Class Cook - 1939 Syllabus


Practical

1) Show knowledge of washing-up utensils, boards, etc., used in the test.

2) Cook any of the following dishes (one or more to be chosen from any three groups by the tester).

Boiling (or steaming) Soup, fresh vegetables, puddings, fish, porridge, custard.

Stewing - Meat, fruit.

Baking - Joint, pastry, pies, pasties, scones, bread.

Frying - Fish, sausages, bacon, eggs, pancakes.

Re-heating - Shepherd's pie, rissoles, mince, fish-cakes, bread pudding, bread-and-butter pudding.

Miscellaneous - Poached or scrambled eggs, salads.

3) Make tea, coffee, and cocoa, and understand the use of the hay-box.

N.B. This part of the test must be practically demonstrated before the tester.


Oral

Answer questions on food and dishes just prepared; quality and kind of meat, vegetables, etc., used; vegetables and fruit in season; food values, and menus for well-balanced meals.

Ranger Current Events


1939 Syllabus


1) Keep a record for three months showing notes of the three most important events in each week, read about in the newspaper or heard on the wireless.

2) Have some knowledge of the life and achievements of five living celebrities in at least five walks of life.

3) Show an intelligent interest in, and some knowledge of, a few of the problems besetting the young folk of her own, and any other country of her choice.

4) Show a knowledge of what six state or voluntary organisations are doing for Social Welfare in her area.  Have a list of addresses to which application should be made in cases of distress, etc., the list to be kept up to date as long as the badge is held.

5) Discuss the place in modern life of one of the following: advertisements; hire purchase system; cinema; wireless; betting and gambling.

Ranger Decoder


1939 Syllabus


1) Record signals correctly on a signal pad, writing and printing clearly (block letters).

2) Code messages correctly, using the fewest possible number of groups (Bentley's code or any other approved code in public use).

3) Decode messages and understand the methods by which defective groups can be traced.

4) Differentiate between a code and a cypher, with a rough idea of the purposes for which they are used.

5) Know the Morse code.

6) Understand code time, latitude and longitude.

7) Have a rough idea of what time it would be in any part of the globe at midday (Greenwich time).

Ranger Domestic Service


Housecraft Badge - 1930 Syllabus


1) A Ranger must turn out a room, replacing everything intelligently.

2) Be able to scrub floor and tables; clean bath; clean paintwork; wash up kitchen and table utensils; clean knives, copper, silver, windows, boots, kitchen stoves (including flues).  (Two of these to be demonstrated at the examination.)

3) Know how to remove stains from carpets, table linen, brass, etc.

4) Know how to use a fire extinguisher.

5) She must do the daily cleaning of a room and understand what is necessary for the weekly turn out and spring cleaning of a room.

6) A Ranger should understand the care of linen and blankets, mending and airing, a specimen darn in a sheet to be brought to the examination.  She must demonstrate bed-making and have a knowledge of bedroom service.

or

She must know how to lay a table and wait on four persons at dinner.  Have a knowledge of carving (joint).

Be able to answer the door, announce guests, and arrange flowers.  Understand how to use the telephone, and be able to look out trains and connections in a railway time-table.

Ranger Dressmaker


1939 Syllabus


1) Show knowledge of patching, in various materials, and darning stockings.

2) Cut out and make entirely by herself, either:

a) A complete Girl Guide uniform; or

b) A complete set of clothes for a child under a year (with inset sleeves); or

c) A dress and two undergarments for an older girl (with inset sleeves).

3) Show a knowledge of how to use, clean and oil a sewing machine.

4) Take a paper pattern from a made-up garment.

5) Cut from a magazine or catalogue a picture of a dress you would like to make for yourself, and choose patterns of material you would make it in; estimate the amount of chosen material you would require, with cost.

Ranger Electrician


1939 Syllabus


1) Have an elementary knowledge of the three effects of an electric current (magnetic, chemical and eating).

2) Understand the terms ampere, volt, ohm, and B of T unit, and be able to calculate the cost of running electric lamps and heaters.

3) Understand the working of electric irons, stoves, electric bells, and the care of Leclanche cells.

4) Know the dangers of electric shock and the methods of rescue and resuscitation.

Ranger Embroideress


1939 Syllabus


1) Show, embroidered on a sampler or other pieces of work, twelve of the following stitches: Any of those given in paragraph 1 of the Guide Stitchery test, or brickstitch, cable, couching or Oriental, Mediaeval or "Roumanian", whipped or interlacing stitches, flat (satin, long and short), pulled openwork, etc.

2) Finish work by suitable hems, joins, cords, tassels, or show ability to adapt, build up, or prepare the design.

3) Show a representative piece of work chosen from one of the following seven groups, and understand the kind of material best suited for it.  Also add to the stitch sampler at least two small specimens, sprigs, or motifs, each in a definite style.

a) Stitchery done with counted threads.

On linen, canvas, etc.

1) Cross-stitch, or 2) tent-stitch, or 3) "Assisi" work, or 4) Double running (stroke, line), or 5) "Petit Point", or 6) Norwegian ("Hardanger"), or 7) "Hungarian" (Zig-zag Florentine, flame stitch), etc.

b) Openwork and white work.

May be done in colours.

1) Needleweaving, or 2) "Broderie Anglais", or 3) cut work ("Punto Tagliato"), or 4) "Hebedo" (Danish), or 5) Counted thread work with square or open stitch, or satin stitch patterns etc., or 6) drawn thread, or 7) Italian pulled work )"Ukranian"), or 8) "Shadow work" (crossed back stitch), or 9) Richelieu, etc.  Must prepare the work, and if 2, 8 or 9, must trace or iron off design.

c) Applique, couching and metal work.

Comprises all applying and couching stuffs, cords, threads, spangles, metal threads, purl, etc.  The sampler specimens should include either padding over thread and cord, single and double thread couching, or letters in "Soutache."  Understand what counterchange is, and how it is done.

d) Smocking.

Prepare the material and do traditional designs on a garment.

e) Embroidery

A. Showing close stitches such as 1) "Flat Hungarian" (Russian), or 2) chain, or 3) darning, or 4) satin stitch (long and short, etc.), or 5) Knotted stitchery, or 6) laid Florentine (Oriental couching), or 7) "Figure" (Mediaeval, Roumanian"), etc.  (Styles 1, 3 and 7 are not usually shaded.)

B. With open and varied stitches, show ten different fillings and ability to vary them, for instance 1) "Black Aragonese", or 2) "Jacobean" woolwork, etc.

f) Embroidery on net

Can be worked in colours, with thread or silk.  Show at least ten different fillings and understand how to prepare work.

g) Quilting

Know how to prepare work.  Adapt traditional design.  Include varieties of pattern such as check, scales, interlacing lines, circles etc.

Ranger Empire Knowledge


1939 Syllabus


1) Name all the self-governing Dominions and at least twelve Colonies of the Empire.

2) Correspond for at least a year with someone in one of the Dominions or Colonies and write an essay on the Dominion r Colony; or

3) Have been a reader of one of the Guide periodicals published in one of the Dominions or in India, for at least a year.

4) Find out what articles in her home can be obtained within the Empire and know where they are produced.

5) Either a) know something of the early history of the country whose magazine she is reading, or with which she is corresponding, and the original settlements in that country; or

b) draw or model the course of one river of the Empire from source to mouth and know something of the country through which it passes.

6) Act in a scene, or tell in an interesting way a story from the history of two of the following:

Nicholson, Drake, Cook, Wolfe, Livingstone, East India Company, Scott, Botha, Hudson Bay Company, Gordon, Hastings, Rhodes, Hawke.

N.B. Rangers living in the Empire overseas may choose a correspondent in, or write an essay on, the British Isles instead of a Dominion or Colony.

Ranger Explorer


1939 Syllabus


The candidate is required to make a two-days' exploration of unknown country, carrying the necessary kit (which she has thought out and collected herself), also food, or a limited sum of money with which to buy it.  Maps and instructions will be given her by the Tester.

Further similar explorations may be undertaken with permission of the Commissioner and Camp Adviser.

Ranger Farmer


1939 Syllabus


1) Take entire charge of of a horse or pony, and understand its care and management; or have had practical experience with one of the following: a) tractor; b) petrol engine; c) small electric plant; d) milking machine.

2) Take charge of two calves from weaning to one year old, and understand how to feed them; or take charge of two pigs from weaning until they are ready for pork or bacon market, and understand how to feed them; or know how to bring on lambs for early market, having helped to feed them.

3) Give a full account of one breed of cattle, or pigs, or sheep, or goats, or any one class of horse, from practical experience.

4) Give a brief description of preparing a field for winter corn, giving the names and uses of the implements used; 

or Give a brief description of the treatment of grass land in the spring for grazing and mowing.

5) Know when a corn field is ready to cut and carry and the method of harvesting, with names of implements used; 

or Know when to cut a field of hay, and give a brief description of the process of haymaking, with names of implements used.

6) Understand what is meant by "Rotation of Crops."  Be able to describe a common rotation in use in this country and give a general account of the cultivation of the crops it contains.  Know why a well-drained soil is desirable.

Ranger Finisher


1939 Syllabus


1) Show knowledge of correct folding of finished articles.

2) Starch and iron a cotton blouse or other garment.

3) Wash and finish the following:

a) A fine muslin article.

b) A lace article (nothing smaller than an 8-inch wide collar).

c) Table linen (nothing smaller than a tablecloth 1 yard square).

d) Woollen garment.

e) Silk, or artificial silk, blouse or jumper.

4) Describe routine of washing day, and remove stains.

Ranger First Aider


1939 Syllabus


This badge will be awarded to Rangers gaining the following certificate: or

1) The Adult First Aid Certificate of the British Red Cross Society; or

2) The Adult First Aid Certificate of the St John Ambulance Society; or

3) The Adult First Aid Certificate of the St Andrew Ambulance Association; or

4) The London County Council Certificate in First Aid (Senior).

Instructions and examinations for all courses should be conducted only in accordance with the rules of the Ambulance Association concerned, who should be consulted in every case.

Ranger Folk Dancer


1939 Syllabus


1) Hold Country Dancer badge or be prepared to dance any of the dances included in it.

2) Perform the six dances published in Volume IV, Graded Series, in any place in the set: 

Sage Leaf, Epping Forest, Childgrove, The Old Mole, Hit and Miss, Newcastle.

and also four of her own choice from the Coronation Country Dance Book (now out of print); 

Galopede, Speed the Plough, The Long Eight, Morpeth Rant, The Norfolk Long Dance, Circassian Circle, The Yourshire Square Eight; or

four of her own choice from Book XI Graded Series

Butterfly, Three Meet, Mage on a Cree, Speed the Plough, Grimstock, Oranges and Lemons.

The dancer will be expected to perform the movements accurately, rhythmically and with due appreciation and enjoyment of the musical and individual character of each dance.  Dances from any recognised National Dance Society's books of any other country may be substituted for the above.  Those issued by the Scottish Country Dance Society are published by Paterson and are obtainable from Scottish Headquarters.

The Tester should, where possible, be qualified and approved by the nearest branch of a recognised Folk Dance Society.

Ranger Friend to the Deaf


Interpreter to the Deaf 1939 Syllabus


1) Converse with the blind-deaf, and with deaf people by means of finger-spelling or lip-reading.

2) Interpret a slow speech.

Ranger Gardener


Ranger Horticulturalist 1939 Syllabus


1) Know the names of the principal tools necessary for the cultivation of a garden.

2) Trench and dig.

3) Understand what is meant by manuring land, and be able to tell how farmyard manure, lime and soot act on the soil when applied separately.

4) Have had sole charge of a garden, or part of a garden, containing at least six kinds of vegetables, six varieties of flowers and two kinds of fruit for six months, and prove to the tester that she has kept it in good order.

5) Understand what is meant by propagation, and name and explain three different methods.

6) Understand the meaning and need of pruning, and be able to show how to prune fruit trees and roses.

Ranger Geologist


1939 Syllabus


1) Describe from personal observation the sort of soil she lives on, making sketches of any cuttings or quaries she has observed, and know how far the particular soil extends in each direction.

2) Draw from memory a chart showing the main geological periods, and adding something of the animal or plant life to be found in each.

3) Know the materials used in her neighbourhood for road-making and house-building, and where they come from; know whether any other materials found locally are used for commercial purposes, e.g. slates, coal, china, clay.

4) Produce fossils or specimens collected by herself, and know to what geological strata they belong.

5) Describe some of the causes which have produced mountain chains, hills and valleys, e.g. rivers, glaciers, denudation, volcanoes.

Ranger History Student


1939 Syllabus


1) Hold the Guide History Lover badge.

2) Bring to the test a book containing quotations from contemporary writings; criticisms of plays, films or books which she herself has seen or read, dealing wiht some special period.

3) Have read one of the following:

a) a biography dealing with this period;

b) a book of general history; 

c) a book on costumes, furniture, etc.

4) Choose three characters of her period for special study, and give a brief account of their lives and achievements.

5) Give a brief account of three important events, which happened during this period.  (This can be written, if desired, in the form of letters or extracts from a diary.)

Ranger Home Emergency Service

Ranger Hostess

Ranger Housecraft


1939 Syllabus


1) Turn out a room, replacing everything intelligently.

2) Scrub floor and tables; clean bath; clean paintwork; wash up kitchen and table utensils; clean knives, copper, silver, windows, boots, ktichen stoves (including flues).

Two of these to be demonstrated at the test.

3) Remove stains from carpets, table linen, brass, etc.

4) Understand how to keep drains and sinks pure.

5) Know how to use a fire extinguisher.

6) Do the daily cleaning of a room and understand what is necessary for the weekly turn out and spring cleaning of a room.

7) Understand the care of linen and blankets, mending and airing, a specimen darn in a sheet to be brought to the test.  Demonstrate bed-making, and have a knowledge of bedroom service; or

Lay a table and wait on four persons at differ.  Have a knowledge of carving (joint).

8) Answer the door, announce guests, and arrange flowers.  Understand how to use the telephone, and look out trains and connections in a railway time-table.

Ranger Housekeeper


1939 Syllabus


1) Draw up a statement of detailed expenditure for a week, with an exact account of meals provided.  (Particulars of wage and family to be given by tester.)

2) Give satisfactory evidence of the knowledge of practical housekeeping, including purchase and storage of food, methods of keeping house clean and well-ventilated, disposing of refuse and caring for linen and blankets and furs.

3) Bring to the test a sample of preserved fruit, pickles or jam made by herself.

Ranger House Surveyor


1939 Syllabus


Answer TEN of the following questions:

1) What are the best soils and aspects for a dwelling-house?

2) Name three symptoms that show that a house is damp, and three of the probably causes.

3) Describe the relative merits of casement and double-hung sash windows, and the best kinds of floors, particularly at, or under, the ground level.

4) Draw a plan of a model dwelling for a family of fie, including bathroom, larder, etc., giving your reasons for the aspect of each room, and showing how economy in heating service and expense in building has been arranged for.

5) What sort of backyard is desirable?

6) Describe a modern drainage system in a town or country house, or a hot water system.  State where the water supply could be turned off in the case of a burst pipe in her house.

7) Describe how a larder should be ventilated and how the entry of flies and ants should be prevented.

8) Describe the evils arising from unseasoned wood, bad bricks, and insufficient foundations in a house.  Know how she would find out if external brick walls are built hollow and why this form of wall is very important.

9) Mention the general regulations as to thickness of outside walls, height of rooms, depth of foundations, and kind of roof which are required for a modern dwelling.

10) State the respective merits of solignum, stain, distemper, oil paint, varnish, oil polish and water stain.

11) Describe three kinds of stoves for cooking, one with a boiler, and the dangers arising from geysers in bathrooms.  Know why escaped coal gas is so extremely dangerous to health.

12) Describe the working of an electric bell, or a spring bell, and state the most common causes for its failing to ring, and the remedy.

13) Know the two most likely reasons for the failing of an electric light, and how to remedy them?  Know some of the dangers to look out for in electric light and heating installations.

14) Show, with a diagram, how to read gas and electricity meters.  Know how to detect a leak of gas by the meter.

Ranger Instructor


1939 Syllabus


Have satisfied the testers that she is able to prepare a Ranger, Guide or Brownie for a badge test, and be approved by the Local Association as an Instructor for the district.  The badge to be a red "I" worn on the centre of right pocket.

Ranger International Knowledge

Ranger Interpreter


Linguist 1939 Syllabus


1) Know all of the routes from the United Kingdom to: a) France, b) Germany, or to any other two countries, with length of crossing, termini etc.

2) Prove efficiency to meet a foreigner, arriving in London, or at the place where the Ranger lives, by interpreting all likely needs as to railway, luggage, station, trains, booking office, cloak-room, restaurant, post office, etc.

3) Know the names of all classes of tradesmen and their wares, so as to be able to accompany a foreigner on a marketing or shopping expedition.

4) Direct a foreigner to any required place.

5) Read and translate a paragraph of a foreign newspaper at sight.

Ranger First Class Knitter


1939 Syllabus


1) Knit by herself:

a) One pair of stockings or socks with heel.

b) One of the following useful garments in knitting or crochet; a jersey, pair of knickers, child's jacket, petticoat, pair of gloves, or equivalent.

2) Follow printed knitting or crochet directions

3) Do one of the following in front of the tester; 

a) Turn a heel.

b) Finish foot of sock from decreasings.

c) Divide stitches and knit one finger of glove.

d) Decrease shaped cap from written instructions.

Ranger Leatherworker


1939 Syllabus


1) Have a general knowledge of the chief processes of tanning.

2) Name the chief kinds of skins (not more than six) which are made into leather, and know the most important quialities of each after tanning and the purposes for which each is suitable.

3) Show two pieces of work designed, constructed and executed by herself with simple appropriate decoration and thonging, selected from the following:

Shopping-bag, fitted pochette, book-carrier, slip-on book-cover, bellows, book blotter, spectacle case, pair of gloves.

4) Show a plaited dog-leash or plaited handles for shopping-bag.

Ranger Local Knowledge


1939 Syllabus


This is a company or patrol badge, and may be sewn on the company or patrol flag of any company or patrol where six Rangers pass the "History" and "Natural History" sections, and one Ranger in each of the other sections.  The badge must be given up if one of these Rangers leaves the company without another one passing in the same section.  Individual Rangers who have passed in at least two sections may wear the badge.


(1) History

1) Know the origin of eight local place-names.

2) Know a story, legend, folk song, or dance of the vicinity.

3) Know the lives of at least three "local worthies" who may be saints, scientists, or any persons of historical or artistic importance who have spent part of their lives in the neighbourhood.

4) Draw a sketch map of the neighbourhood, showing the situation of the principal buildings, churches, public offices, schools, institutions, factories, quarries, pets, mountains, rivers, lakes, etc.

5) Have visited six places of historical interest in the vicinity, and be able to answer questions about them.

6) Give a short account of six important events that have taken place in the district.

7) Give a description of the district at two different periods in the past, e.g. Early British, Norman, etc.; or

8) If any excavations have been made in the neighbourhood, know and describe the implements, pottery, ornaments, inscriptions, etc., that have been found.

9) Act at least one scene from history of the neighbourhood.

(2) Natural History

For Country Rangers:

1) Know the haunts of ten wild birds or animals, and twenty plants in the neighbourhood.

2) Describe the succession of flora on a certain bank or wood or elsehwere, throughout the year, or marine life on the shore in their neighbourhood.

3) Know the best laces for camps, picnics, etc.

For Town Rangers:

4) Know what trees and birds are to be found in the parks, public gardens, etc.

5) Have paid at least three visits to the local Natural History Museum or Zoological or Botanical Gardens, and describe fully ten birds or animals seen there.

6) Know where the sun rises and sets at mid-winter and mid-summer, with regard to local landmarks.

7) Know six constellations and their positions in the sky on (or about) 1st February, 1st May, 1st August and 1st November at 10 pm.

(3) Geography

1) Hold Pathfinder badge.

2) Know the general lie of the land, the heights of mountains, the course of rivers, and other natural features.

3) Describe soils, climactic conditions, and how they affect local life.

(4) Crafts

1) Describe the history, process and development of at least two local industries - agricultural, industrial, artistic, or other.

2) Describe what local facilities have determined the fixing of each craft in the neighbourhood.

(5) Social Knowledge

1) Have performed acts of civic helpfulness in the town or village, at the request of some competent authority.

2) Know and describe with fair accuracy as to position and area all the public open spaces, commons, parks, gardens, recreation fields in the neighbourhood; also the public swimming baths and play-centres.

3) Guide a stranger to the town hall, guildhall, village halls and other centres of municipal government in the neighbourhood.  Know broadly the functions of the Borough Council (or County Council), District or Parish Council, according to locality.  Give the name of the Mayor or Chairman of Council.

4) Know the police stations, fire stations, fire alarms and means for dealing with fire in the neighbourhood.

5) Know the position of the main public buildings and institutions in the neighbourhood, the date when founded, the use to which put, the way in which organised, and something of their relation to the larger way in which organised, and something of their relation to the larger social systems, national or provincial, of which they may form a part.

6) Know the names of the main roads and railways passing through the district, whence and whither they lead; or

7) Describe the means of communication, transit, lighting and water and power supply of the town.

Ranger Mariner


1939 Syllabus


1) Sail a boat, tack, wear, reef, make and shorten sail.

2) Have a full knowledge of the Admiralty Chart for the waters where your boat and charge certificates allow you to go, and some knowledge of other near coast or rivers.

3) Know the buoys, beacons, landmarks and leading marks near to where you operate, and have a knowledge of local tides and currents.

4) Know the rule of the road at sea and the lights carried by vessels likely to be in your vicinity, and the danger and storm signals.

5) Fix positions by means of cross bearings both from land and sea, and keep a log for at least a month, registering the wind, weather, barometer and thermometer, as generally carried out at sea.

Or, in the case of inland companies, with the approval of Imperial Headquarters;

1) Know the rule of the road at sea, the lights carried by vessels and the danger and storm signals.

2) Fix positions by means of cross bearings form land and keep a log for at least a month, registering the wind, weather, barometer and thermometer, as generally carried out at sea, and

3) Strop a block.

4) Know the uniform system of buoyage.

5) Know the construction and use of the lead and log line.

6) Name the principal ports in the British Dominions and Colonies.

7) Write an account of an imaginary voyage of not less than twenty days, mentioning the ports called at during the voyage.

Ranger Milkmaid


Dairymaid Syllabus 1939


1) Understand the usual dairy routine with regard to the handling of milk, cooling and preparing of filled churns for despatch or bottling of milk.

2) Understand the reasons for cleanliness with regard to handling of milk and the washing and sterilising (with steam or scalding water) of the utensils.

3) Any ONE of the folowing tests:

a) Understand the process of separation, and have been entirely responsible for the separator for one week; or

b) Churn and make up a satisfactory sample of butter without assistance (about 1lb).  Understand how cream should be stored and prepared for churning; or

c) Make clotted cream or Devonshire cream.  Know how to market it attractively; or

d) Have helped to make either hard or blue-veined cheese of the variety manufactured in her district, and be able to explain how it is done.

4) Know the names of the grades of milk and know the standard of each grade, and how to obtain and maintain these standards; 

or 

Have some knowledge of any one marketing scheme which applies to the dairying industry.

Ranger Milliner


1930 Syllabus


1) Convert an old hat to wearable standard.

2) Cover a hat shape and make and put in head-lining.

3) Make a hat of straw, velvet, ribbon or any other material.

4) Be able to trim hats properly, using applique wool embroidery, etc.

5) Know how to make a hat smaller.

Ranger Minstrel


1930 Syllabus


Play major and minor scales chosen by examiner, 3 octaves, in groups of quavers.

Play major and minor arpegi, chosen by examiner, 2 octaves, in groups of triplets.

Read a simple accompaniment at sight, or a melody in the case of stringed or wind instruments.

Transpose a melody from the key of C or G to its dominant or sub-dominant key.

For Pianists

Be able to play one of the following: Scherzo in B flat (Schubert).  Songs without words in C minor (Mendelssohn).  Harmonious Blacksmith (Handel).  Waltz in A flat (Brahms).  Viennese Waltz (Brahms).  Gavotte from French Suite in G (Bach).  Cradle Song (Mrs Bret-Verns). Petite Valse No. 2 of Seven Miniatures (Karganoff).  Finale from Sonata in G (K. 279) (Mozart).  Bourre from English Suite No.1 (Bach).  Theme and Variations in G (Vars 2 and 5 omitted) Beethoven.  Romance in D No. 7 of Aquarellen, Op 19 (Gade).

For Violin

Be able to play one of the following: Concerto in A minor, by Vivaldi, 1st Movement (Schott).  Capriccio (La Mouche), by Bohn (Bosworth).  Sonata in E Major, by Handel (1st and 2nd Movements) (Augener).  Romance, by Sendsen (Augener).  Nocturne, by Field, from Klassische Stucke, Book 1 (Peters).  Serenade by Pierne (J. Williams).  La Precieuse, by Kiesler (Schott).  Rodino, by Beethoven-Kreisler (Schott).

Ranger Motorist


1) Start, drive and reverse a car or motor bicycle safely.

2) Have a general idea of the working of the engine.

3) Oil and grease car or motor bicycle; fill up with petrol; take out; clean and test sparking plugs and clean carburettor; and generally know how to keep a car or motor bicycle clean.

4) Change a wheel or, in the case of a motor bicycle, mend a puncture, not necessarily on the road.

5) Read a map.  Have a practical knowledge of the Highway Code.

Ranger Musician


1939 Syllabus


1) Conduct a company or patrol she has trained to sing a folk song, part song, and a round.

2) Bring the music and have a knowledge of five contrasted folk songs, ten contrasted songs by eminent composers, past or present, ten rounds, canons and descants.

(Clause 2 to be tested orally).

Ranger Nature Lover


1939 Syllabus


1) Keep a nature diary for three months, containing not less than 60 entries.

2) Recognise 15 birds in the field by appearance and call notes, know their haunts, nests and habits; or 

Recognise 80 different plants, know their habitat, flowering season and method of seed dispersal; or

Keep a weather chart for a month and know something of clouds and what they portend; or

Take six photographs of wild animals or birds from life, and have a general knowledge of their life and habits; or

Know the four constellations grouped round the Pole Star, and their relative positions in December, March, June and September, and know six other constellations visible in winter and six visible in summer.

3) Know 15 trees by their leaves, flowers, fruit and twigs; recognise them at 50 yards distance, and know the uses of their wood.

4) At the test explore a given area (not previously studied) and say what creatures appear to live in it.

For Town Rangers only:

Where circumstances make Section 4 impossible, this may be omitted and an extra section under No. 2 substituted.

Ranger Needlewoman


1930 Syllabus


Must show knowledge of patching, in various materials, and darning stockings.

Must cut out and make entirely by herself, either - 

a) A complete Girl Guide's uniform; or

b) A complete set of clothes for a child under a year; or

c) A dress and two undergarments for an older girl.

Show a knowledge of how to use, clean and oil a sewing machine. 

Take a paper pattern from a made-up garment.

Ranger Nurse

Have a sound knowledge of:
1) The feeding and care of the mother before baby is born.
2) Feeding.
a) Advantages of natural over artificial feeding.
b) Principles of weaning.
c) Principles of artificial feeding.
3) Normal Development
a) Milestones in the infant's life.
b) Signs of health, such as: weight, stools, and general activity.
4) Management of Infant (up to 2 years).
Physical: a) Sleep; b) Exercise; c) Feeding; d) Clothing.  Psychological: a) Occupation; b) Training.
6) Local work for Maternity and Child Welfare, and have visited Welfare Centres, Nursery Schools, etc., when and where possible.
7) Emergency treatment for: a) Diarrhoea and colic.  b) Convulsions.  c) Burns and scalds.  d) Cuts and bruises.
Practical.
Demonstrate at the test:
1) Bathing, dressing and handling the infant.
2) Making up cot.
3) Care of milk utensils.
4) Preparing suitable food for children from the age of weaning up to five years.
Bring to the test examples of: 
1) Baby's laundry.
2) Making and mending baby's and toddler's clothing.
3) A plan of baby's and toddler's timetable.

Ranger Physical Training


1) Have a good upright carriage and walk and run well.

2) Be attending gymnastic classes at school or some other approved physical training centre at least once a week.

3) Perform a table of standing exercises.  (This may be according to the Swedish or British system).

4) Perform two of the following in good style on the narrow side of a balancing form or bar:

a) Walk forward, throwing and catching a ball at every step.

b) Walk sideways without support.

c) Stand on form, lift arms and right leg sideways, replace, step forward and repeat, raising other leg.

d) Walk with knees full bend and stretch every third step.

5) Do two of the following in good style: a) Climb a rope at least 16 feet.  b) Travel sideways on bar or wallbars, both ways.  c) Travel backwards on bar.  d) Hand stand unsupported.  e) Reverse hanging vertically between two ropes.  f) Under and over somersault on bar.

6) Jump 3 feet 4 inches in good style.

7) Do three of the following in good style: a) Fence vault from either side.  b) Flank vault (either side).  c) Slow squat.  d) Long fly.  e) Cartwheel on right and left hand.  f) Thief vault.

The tester should be a qualified gymnast, and where possible a woman.

Ranger Player


Stagecraft 1939 Syllabus


The badge to be taken in groups, though individuals may wear the badge.  It may be awarded at an entertainment or dramatic competition.  Guides may be included.

1) Perform a play of their own choice (marks given for choice) to last over twenty minutes.  (The Headquarters List of Plays is recommended).

2) a) One Ranger to understand dry make-up, fixing of beards, wigs, etc.

b) One Ranger to act as wardrobe mistress and have some knowledge of English costumes.

c) One Ranger to help as business manager and show a knowledge of the organisation of an entertainment, advertising sale of tickets, payment of tax and royalties, etc.

3) Two home-made dresses to be shown, and two properties from the following list: a crown, a weapon, a window, a cradle, a throne and canopy, a pair of wings, a fireplace, a helmet.

Ranger Printer


1939 Syllabus


1) Know the common type faces.

2) Know the sizes of paper in printing, also the sizes of demy 8vo, crown 4to, royal 16mo, and large post 6mo, and candidates should be asked to fold sheets to these sizes.

3) Distinguish the difference between laid and wove paper.

4) Have a general knowledge of how paper is made.

5) Know simple account book rulings.

6) Correct a sample page of a printer's proof.

7) Know the following: 

a) The difference between a linotype and monotype machine.

b) How is a page of type set up and what are the tools required by a compositor in this work and in preparing a page for the machine?

Ranger Probationer


1939 Syllabus


This badge will be awarded to Rangers gaining the following certificate:

1) The Adult Home Nursing Certificate of the British Red Cross Society; or

2) The Adult Home Nursing Certificate of the St John Ambulance Association; or

3) The Adult Home Nursing Certificate of the St Andrew Ambulance Association; or

4) The Preliminary State Examination Certificate in General Nursing; or

5) The London County Council Certificate in Home Nursing (Senior).

Instruction and examinations for all courses should be conducted only in accordance with the rules of the Ambulance Association concerned, who should be consulted in every case.

Ranger Public Health


1) Know why sun, air and cleanliness are important in promoting the health of the community and how these can be secured: 

a) in town and village.  b) In her own home.

2) Know the importance of a pure milk supply and how it may be obtained.  Know the possible source of contamination of milk.

3) Know the source of the water supply in hoer own area and the authorities responsible for its purity.

4) Know on broad lines how the food we buy is protected from adulteration and contamination.

5) Know the facilities in her area for advice and treatment in the case of expectant mothers, infants and young children, school children, children who are mentally or physically defective, cases of accident or illness.

6) Know the authorities in her area responsible for the removal of refuse, the inspection of nuisances, and the care of sewers and drains.

7) Know what is meant by: a) General death rate.  b) Infant mortality rate.

Ranger Rescuer


1939 Syllabus


1) Hold swimmer's badge and perform three methods of release in the water as well as two of life-saving.

2) Row a boat alone and with others and get into a boat from the water; know any local dangerous tides or currents.

3) Hold Ambulance badge.

4) Know how to give alarm of fire and rescue a person from a room full of smoke; how to hold back a crowd (with others); and how to behave in a crush e.g. in theatre on fire or tube station).

5) Know correct way to stop a runaway horse and mad dog, and get horses out of burning stables.

Ranger Samaritan


1939 Syllabus


A

1) Know the positions of the principal bones, and how to prevent further injury in the case of fractures or dislocations; make and pad a splint; improvise a splint; treat sprains and strains.

2) Apply a triangular bandage to the head, elbow, hand, knee, ankle and foot, and demonstrate three types of arm slings.

3) Know the difference between arterial and venous bleeding, and show the positions of the main arteries; know how to check bleeding and how to treat nose bleeding.

4) Know ways of supporting a patient alone and carrying with the help of others.

5) Render first aid in the following cases: burns and scalds, both severe and slight; blisters; choking; bites; stings; grit in the eye; and wounds, both clean and dirty.

6) Know the chief signs and treatment of the following: fainting, hysteria, shock, fits, suspected concussion.

7) Demonstrate Schafer's method of artificial respiration, and know when it should be applied.

B

1) Understand the value of warmth and fresh air in sickness; demonstrate the ventilation of a given sick room.

2) Understand the care of patient; make a bed with a patient in it; improvise and show how to use a draw sheet, hot bottles, foot cradle, knee pillow (donkey) and back rest; know how to give a bed pan and how to prevent bed sores.  Understand the care of the mouth and hair.

3) Take and record a temperature, pulse and respiration; know normal temperature and serious variations.

4) Know the general precautions necessary when nursing infectious cases, including the common cold.

5) Make and apply hot fomentations, cold compresses, and understand the reasons for care in giving medicines, asperients, stimulants and sedatives.

6) Apply a roller bandage for a finger, thumb, ankle, knee, eye, ear and head.

7) Make barley water, a nourishing broth, and a milk food, and three dishes suitable for invalids on light diet.

8) Know the chief signs and symptoms that would make it necessary to send for a doctor.

(This test covers Groups 2 and 3 of Section A of the Ranger Star Test).

Ranger Scribe


Secretary, 1939 Syllabus


1) Understand proceedings of, and be able to chair, a committee.

2) Keep minutes.  Draw up a simple balance sheet and profit and loss account, and answer questions thereon.

3) Take part in a debate (as chairman, proposer, or opposer).

4) Introduce a speaker or propose a vote of thanks.

5) Give in writing the gist of a speech she has heard.

Ranger Sea Lore


1939 Syllabus


1) Be familiar with the main developments of the ship, together with the growth of sea power, from the earliest times to the present day.

2) Show a knowledge of the chief features of the ocean floor, and what is found there.

3) Know where the most important fishing grounds of the world are situated, and some of the methods of catching fish.

4) Know the principal trade routes of the world.

Ranger Signaller


Signalling Transmitter, 1939 Syllabus


1) Read and send a message of 100 letters on:

a) Semaphore flags in 4 minutes (5 words a minute).

b) Buzzer in 4 minutes (5 words a minute).

c) Morse flags in 5 minutes (4 words a minute).

d) Lamp in 5 minutes (4 words a minute).

Each message to include the preamble (T or Z), number of words, address to, address from, reference line, text, time of origin and time of handing in.

2) Also know the long numerals, check letters and continental time, brackets, inverted commas, block capitals, full stop.  Also the following procedure signals: "Calling up", "Commencing sign", "Wait", "Go on", "End of message", "Message received", "Stop signal", "Decimal point", the separative and break signals, and general answer and alphabetical and numerical signs (semaphore).

Ranger Skater


Figure Skater 1939 Syllabus


Skate on ice:

1) An outside back 8.

2) A forward inside 8.

3) Threes, outside, forward, in the field, 8-ft. curves before and after the turn.

Ranger Surveyor


1939 Syllabus


1) Map correctly, from the country itself, the main features of three-quarters of a mile of road with 200 yards each side, to a scale of 2 ft. to the mile.  Afterwards redraw the same from memory.

2) Measure the heights of a tree, telegraph pole and church steeple, describing method employed.

3) Measure width of river and the distance apart of two objects a known distance away and unapproachable.

4) Measure a gradient.

5) Understand what is meant by H.E., V.I., and Contours, conventional signs of ordnance surveys, scales and the R.F.

Ranger Telegraphist

Ranger Textile Worker


1939 Syllabus


1) Have a general knowledge of the names and natures of the raw materials used in spinning and weaving; where they are grown and obtained; and the names and natures of the finished products made from the raw materials.

2) Understand and describe the different processes by which the raw material becomes finished product, and have a detailed practical knowledge of at least one particular branch of the textile industry, such as spinning, weaving, finishing, or dyeing.

Ranger Thrift


Economist 1939 Syllabus


(This badge does not rank as a proficiency badge; it may be obtained by any Ranger once she is enrolled, but cannot be held for over one year, unless she adds at least 10s a year to the original sum deposited.)

1) Have £2 in National Savings Certificates or equivalent in Post Office Savings Bank, or other approved security.

2) The principle is that the money should be genuinely saved out of the Ranger's own earnings or pocket money.

3) Be prepared to explain at the test how to keep her clothing in good repair.

Ranger Toycraft


1939 Syllabus


1) Cut out and make a toy animal or bird with moveable head or legs.

2) From Turkish towelling cut out and make a toy suitable for a young child; or

From a stocking make a doll, using wool for features.

3) Plan and model a bungalow and furniture, using wood or cardboard; or

Construct in wood a trolley or wheelbarrow (minimum size 1 foot in length, excluding handles) suitable for a child of 4-7.

4) Make a papier mache bowl, suitable for a child's sue, using colour or decorative design; or

Fly a box-kite made by herself.

5) Make any other toy.

N.B. - All toys must be of a saleable standard.

Ranger Water Naturalist


1939 Syllabus


In the case of Sea Rangers, the Sea or River clauses should be taken.

Sea

1) Know the normal extent of high and low tide on her own shore, and the causes of unusual tides.

2) Know what sea products are obtained locally, and how they are obtained.

3) Make a collection of local sea weeds and know where they grow.

4) Show a list of birds seen on shore or water, with dates.  Recognise them in flight and know their plumage changes.

5) Collect and name 20 shells; explain the connection between their form and mode of life.

6) Make a special study of one rock pool and describe the habits of the creatures in it; or Make a survey of a strip of shore, from above high-water mark to low-water mark.

7) Recognise six tracks on the shore; or Find and name 10 plants peculiar to the shore or salt marsh.

8) At the test, identify on the shore six aquatic creatures (jelly fish, star fish, anemone, etc.)

River or Inland Water

1) Have a general idea of the course of a local river from the source to the mouth, and know any industries dependent on it.

2) Make a survey of one mile of a river and its banks.

3) Observe and describe the habits of six underwater creatures.

4) Show a list of birds seen on or by the water, with dates and personal observations on the habits of six of them.

5) Recognise five tracks on a bank.

6) Find and name six plants that grow in the water, and 20 that grow on the banks.

Ranger World Citizen


1939 Syllabus


1) Point out on the map of the world every country which has Guides.

2) Know from of government of six of these countries; and something about their famous men and women.

3) Know their chief industries, and their exports and imports.

4) Understand the origin and growth of the League of Nations, and name the countries which are members.

5) Give an account of the work of the League in one special branch, e.g. Child Welfare, Settlement of Disputes combating Disease, etc.